Facts about Tooth Decay and Its Treatment

Facts about Tooth Decay and Its Treatment

Feb 22, 2021

Tooth decay is one of the most recurrent dental issues. Learn more about its symptoms, causes, and treatment options.

Tooth decay is one of the most prevalent dental issues that occur globally. Our dentist in Aurora encounters patients with tooth decay almost on a day-to-day basis. So, in case you have been currently diagnosed with this dental issue, you should know that you are not alone.

Tooth decay is essentially damage that occurs to the enamel layer of your teeth resulting in the formation of cavities, abscesses, and at times, tooth loss. Despite how prevalent tooth decay is, it’s still a preventable dental problem.

The best way to avert this dental problem is by ensuring that you practice proper oral hygiene, which involves brushing your teeth twice daily and flossing at least once a day.

Besides this, keeping regular dental appointments also goes a long way in ensuring you have enough protection from cavities. By keeping regular dental appointments, our dentist in Aurora will be able to identify tooth decay early before it cascades into dental complications.

Symptoms of Tooth Decay/Cavities

You should keep an eye out for specific symptoms that may indicate you have a cavity. At the initial stages, a cavity may not show any alarming signs; however, as the tooth decay progresses, you may begin to notice these symptoms:

  • A persistent toothache
  • Tooth pain that occurs spontaneously
  • Tooth sensitivity
  • Holes within your enamel that you can see or feel
  • Pain that you experience whenever you chew or bite down 
  • Black, brown, or white stains on your teeth

You might have tooth decay that is not exhibiting any symptoms. In this case, our dentist can help diagnose the issue and remedy it before it proceeds any further. 

Factors That Can Increase Your Chances of Getting Tooth Decay

Several factors can increase the chances of tooth decay. These may include:

  • Consuming sticky and sugary foods and beverages
  • Snacking frequently
  • Being unable to brush and floss the back molars
  • Poor dental hygiene
  • Inadequate fluoride intake
  • Having dry mouth, a condition that affects the production of saliva, which is essential in keeping your mouth free from food particles and bacteria
  • Wearing dental devices for years, such as braces or worn-out fillings Suffering from frequent episodes of heartburn or GERD
  • Suffering from frequent episodes of heartburn or GERD
  • Having orthodontic issues such as crooked or crowded teeth may also promote tooth decay

Treatment Options for Tooth Decay/Cavities

Apart from practicing proper self-care, it is advisable to see our dentist regularly. This will enable us to catch tooth decay when it’s in its initial stages before it progresses. If a cavity is caught before it causes extensive damage, the treatment option will be less invasive. 

Here are some of the treatment options available:

Fluoride Treatment

A fluoride treatment will be useful in restoring the damaged portion of your enamel, mainly if the extent of tooth decay was minimal. Besides fluoride toothpaste, a professional fluoride treatment could provide a sufficient amount of fluoride for your teeth to fight off tooth decay.

Dental Crowns

Our dentist may recommend you get a dental crown if your tooth decay is extensive. In this case, our dentist will drill out the decayed portion of your tooth, clean the area left behind and customize a dental crown to cover up and reinforce the affected tooth. 

Dental crowns may be designed from various materials such as gold, porcelain, zirconium, or even porcelain fused with metal. The type selected depends on the affected tooth’s location, personal preference, cost, and durability.

Dental Fillings

Dental fillings are used as a viable treatment option if tooth decay has progressed past the initial stages. Fillings are used to restore teeth with cavities and are designed from an array of materials such as porcelain, amalgam, composite resins, or gold.

Root Canal Procedure

A root canal procedure is used to address tooth decay that has reached the tooth’s pulp region. This procedure is used to salvage teeth that have been badly affected by tooth decay. During this procedure, the diseased portion of the tooth and the pulp are removed before medication is applied to deal with the infection.

The eradicated pulp is then replaced using a filling material before the tooth is reinforced using a customized dental crown.

An Extraction

This is the last treatment option available and is applicable only if the tooth decay is too far gone, and the affected tooth cannot be restored or salvaged.

Contact us today at Station Dental Group in Aurora for tooth decay treatment.

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